San Marino has acknowledged the harm caused by the use of explosive weapons in populated areas (EWIPA) and committed to action against the use of EWIPA.
San Marino addressed the use of EWIPA at the UN General Assembly First Committee in October 2016 and 2017, calling, amongst others, for the parties to a conflict to refrain from using EWIPA.
San Marino endorsed the joint statement on EWIPA during 73th UN General Assembly First Committee in October 2018. The statement, delivered by Ireland, called attention to the devastating and long-lasting humanitarian impact of the use of EWIPA and urging states to reverse the trend of high levels of civilian harm. San Marino also endorsed the joint statement on EWIPA during the 74th UN General Assembly First Committee in October 2019. The statement, also delivered by Ireland, encouraged states to participate in international efforts to address the impacts of the use of EWIPA on civilians, including by working towards the creation of an international political declaration on this issue.
San Marino also issued a statement during May 2019 UN Security Council Open Debate on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, expressing support for the UN Secretary-General’s call to avoid the use of explosive weapons with wide area effects in populated areas.
It participated at the Conference on the Protection of Civilians in Urban Warfare in October 2019 in Vienna.
 UN General Assembly First Committee in 2016, San Marino Statement, https://reachingcriticalwill.org/images/documents/Disarmament-fora/1com/1com16/statements/10Oct_SanMarino.pdf.
 UN General Assembly First Committee in 2017, San Marino Statement, https://reachingcriticalwill.org/images/documents/Disarmament-fora/1com/1com17/statements/10Oct_SanMarino.pdf.
 Permanent Mission of Ireland to the United Nations (2018). ‘UNGA73 First Committee Joint Statement on Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas (EWIPA)’. https://reachingcriticalwill.org/images/documents/Disarmament-fora/1com/1com18/statements/25Oct_EWIPA.pdf.
 INEW (2019). ‘Seventy-one States call for Action on Impact of Explosive Weapons in Joint Statement to UN General Assembly’. https://www.inew.org/seventy-one-states-call-for-action-on-impact-of-explosive-weapons-in-joint-statement-to-un-general-assembly/.
 Permanent Mission of Ireland to the United Nations (2019). ‘UNGA74 First Committee Debate on Conventional Weapons: Joint Statement on Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas Delivered by H.E. Ambassador Geraldine Byrne Nason Permanent Representative of Ireland to the United Nations, 2019, https://article36.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/UNGA74-joint-statement-on-explosive-weapons-in-populated-areas.pdf.
 UN Security Council, S/PV.8534 (2019). ‘UN Security Council Open Debate on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict Transcript’. https://undocs.org/en/S/PV.8534.
 INEW (2019). ‘Vienna Conference Marks Turning Point as States Support Negotiation of an International Political Declaration on Explosive Weapons’. https://www.inew.org/vienna-conference-marks-turning-point-as-states-support-negotiation-of-an-international-political-declaration-on-explosive-weapons/.